Sino-Tajik relations, anti-Covid medicine, constitutional amendments [PHOTOS]

By Sabina Mammadli

Central Asia Weekly Review: 27 Jul-2 Aug 22

Azernews has launched a new project designed to cover weekly major developments in Central Asian countries.


Cure for COVID-19 invented in Tajikistan

Uzbekistan completes public debate on constitutional amendments

Turkmenistan adopts law on legal protection of stray dogs

The Kazakh Information Ministry restricts the work of foreign sites and messengers

Beginning of insulin deliveries in Kyrgyzstan


Cure for COVID-19 invented in Tajikistan

Tajik scientists have invented a drug against COVID-19 based on medicinal herbs.

Farhod Rakhimi, president of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Tajikistan, announced this on July 29 during a press conference.

According to him, at the moment the drug is being registered.

“Once the patent is granted, the public will be informed in detail about the invention. Now I can only say that the composition of the drug includes the sorghum plant. It reduces the temperature, facilitates the treatment of the lungs,” the official said.

Rahimi also noted that local scientists continued their research on 111 subjects in the first half of 2022. In particular, the research was carried out in the fields of mathematics, physics, optics and quantum electronics, nuclear and radiological safety.

“As part of these studies, for example, in chemistry, we obtained the results of methods for the synthesis of products with certain properties – biological and medical substances of great importance for the creation of new medicinal preparations,” said he added.

Tajikistan and China consider bilateral relations

Tajik President Emomali Rahmon and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi discussed bilateral and multilateral relations on August 1.

Rahmon highlighted the dynamic development of Tajik-China relations and comprehensive independent partnerships in all fields.

“Tajikistan and China are close neighbors, and we are interested in further deepening the close, multi-faceted ties between the two countries in all formats,” Rahmon said.

The parties also discussed ways to further develop ties in the field of trade, investment, industrial cooperation, “green technologies” and transport, and the export of Tajik products, in particular products agricultural products to Chinese markets.

China firmly holds the position of one of Tajikistan’s biggest trading and investment partners. According to statistics, in the first half of this year, mutual trade between the two countries increased by nearly 82 percent compared to the same period last year and accounts for more than 19 percent of total foreign trade turnover. from Tajikistan.


Uzbekistan completes public debate on constitutional amendments

The national discussion on amendments to the constitution of Uzbekistan ended at midnight on August 1.

The talks began on June 25.

Uzbekistan’s Constitutional Commission said it had received 117,000 proposals. In addition, the deputies will finalize the project.

According to the Constitutional Reform Committee, the competent committees of the Legislative Chamber will continue to work on the synthesis and analysis of the proposals, as well as on the finalization of the bill.

The draft amendments were worked out by the constitutional commission within a month.

After the unrest in Karakalpakstan on July 1 and 2, caused by proposed amendments to change the status of the republic, articles relating to Karakalpakstan were excluded from the draft.

28 documents prepared for signing at SCO summit in Samarkand

The Council of Foreign Ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has completed the coordination of 28 documents whose adoption is envisaged following the results of the Samarkand summit.

Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev made this known during the July 29 Ministerial Council meeting.

As mentioned, concepts and programs aimed at boosting intra-regional trade, industrial cooperation and transport interconnection are among the documents mentioned.

Joint projects and events in the fields of green economy, innovations, digital technologies, logistics, agriculture, medicine and other fields are also being developed.

The SCO heads of state meeting in Samarkand is scheduled for September 15-16 this year.


Turkmenistan adopts law on legal protection of stray dogs

A new law “On Dog Breeding and Cynological Activities” has come into effect in Turkmenistan, which prohibits cruelty to dogs.

In particular, the law states that shelters and temporary holding centers for dogs are required to accept “unowned, abandoned and neglected dogs, as well as sick (injured) dogs under conditional supervision before they are transferred old or new owners.

According to article 9 of the new law, local authorities must ensure the regulation of the number of dogs under conditional supervision, orphans and wild animals.

To do this, they must create animal trapping groups and supervise their work “to prevent cruelty to dogs, to exclude illegal methods of trapping and unreasonable killing of dogs, as well as to regulate the number of conditionally supervised, abandoned and feral dogs.

Article 23 deals with the regulation of the number, overexposure and destruction of dogs. These activities are also carried out by the trapping team. It is emphasized that “the regulation of the number of ownerless and feral dogs is carried out by methods which exclude cruelty and unnecessary suffering, preventing their reproduction”.

In other words, according to the new law, dogs will be castrated and not killed.

It should be noted that various independent media regularly report on the brutal extermination of stray dogs in Turkmenistan, including Alabays. On the eve of various celebrations, public service workers in the capital Ashgabat and other major cities catch and slaughter dogs and cats to death.

Launch of a regional project for young CAs in Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan has launched the “Dialogue and Action for Youth Resources in Central Asia (DARYA)” project, which will run for 5 years and is entirely aimed at supporting skills development opportunities for young people in the region.

The project will also improve the quality of education, training and employment systems in the region.

The project includes three thematic modules:

• Developing future-oriented skills through better data and analysis of education and training outcomes and skills;

• Flexible and transparent approaches to qualifications at national and regional level, ensuring equal opportunities for all;

• Greater use of inclusive approaches to teaching and learning.


The Kazakh Information Ministry restricts the work of foreign sites and messengers

The Ministry of Information and Social Development of Kazakhstan was authorized to restrict the operation of foreign websites and messengers on the territory of the republic based on the amendments and additions to the 2019 resolution.

According to the new resolution of the Kazakh government, the ministry can request information from sites and instant messengers on the number of users per day. If the foreign services do not install a program to determine the number of users, the ministry can determine the number of users with its own resources.

The ministry will now also monitor the activities of non-profit organizations for financing terrorism and submit this information to the authorized body. And accordingly, it may restrict the activities of a foreign online platform or instant messaging service in the territory of Kazakhstan if the above-mentioned activity is detected.

Other amendments concern the rules for creating a group of experts, as well as the examination of a request on the facts of cyber-harassment against a child, the interaction of state authorities with telecom operators and legal representatives of online platforms, etc.

Kazakhstan to increase wheat harvest by almost 20%

The wheat harvest in Kazakhstan is expected to reach 13-13.5 million tonnes this year, almost 20 percent more than last year, Kazakh Agriculture Minister Yerbol Karashukeyev said.

“This year, we completed the spring field work on time, providing agricultural producers with everything they need. Compared to the previous year, the harvest will be 15-20% higher,” he said.

The ministry noted that the country’s grain exports increased by more than half in the first three months of this year despite political and economic instability in the region.

“We harvest 12 to 12.5 million tonnes of the average annual wheat each year that we produce, 6 million are for domestic consumption. The rest of the volume in the form of cereals and flour is still exported. Therefore, we expect that there will be an average annual level throughout this marketing campaign, which will start and last until the following year,” explained Karashukeyev.


Insulin began to be delivered to Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan has started receiving insulin, said Natalya Dobrynina, the Health Ministry’s chief independent endocrinologist.

According to her, the country previously received batches of mixed and short-acting drugs Mixtard and Actrapid.

“Now they clear customs. Protofan will arrive on August 8. The entire batch purchased through tender will be received as part of an annual procurement,” the official said.

The country began to face insulin problems in March. In May, patients began to complain about its shortage.

At the Ministry of Health, the delay in the delivery of the drug is explained by the increase in the delivery time by the factory itself and the failure of the tender in February.

The cabinet of ministers approves a new unlimited tariff for electricity

The Council of Ministers of Kyrgyzstan has decided to maintain the current electricity and heating tariffs for 2022 for all categories of consumers.

At the same time, a new electricity tariff was approved for people wishing to use electricity without restriction.

The decision was initiated by the Ministry of Energy. The ministry said it receives requests from citizens who are willing to pay a higher electricity rate. Thus, a new category of consumers “Population using electricity without consumption and power limitation” is set up for them.

The new tariff will be applied on a voluntary basis within the framework of an agreement and offers the possibility of using electricity without limiting consumption and capacity.

Sabina Mammadli is the journalist of AzerNews, follow her on Twitter: @SabinaMmdl

Follow us on twitter @AzerNewsAz

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