Tariff Protection – Minecraft Inventions http://minecraftinventions.com/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 16:12:31 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://minecraftinventions.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/minecraft-inventions-icon-1.png Tariff Protection – Minecraft Inventions http://minecraftinventions.com/ 32 32 BOC Davao cites actions to strengthen border defense https://minecraftinventions.com/boc-davao-cites-actions-to-strengthen-border-defense/ Tue, 22 Nov 2022 16:12:31 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/boc-davao-cites-actions-to-strengthen-border-defense/

DAVAO CITY—The Bureau of Customs (BOC) of Davao Port announced that its officials held several meetings with regulators and law enforcement on protecting the island’s borders.

A BOC-Port of Davao statement said meetings began last August with Philippine Coast Guard (PCG) officials, followed by discussions with Department of Foreign Affairs and National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) officials. in September.

The BOC-Port of Davao said its officials met with members of the PCG’s Aduana working group on enhancing border protection in their shared areas of responsibility. The task force is the security and border protection service of the PCG.

District Collector Erastus Sandino B. Austria discussed law enforcement issues, in particular Republic Act 10863 (Modernization and Tariffs Act), as well as other customs rules and regulations existing.

The BOC-Port of Davao said the meeting also focused on collecting information on the smuggling of cigarettes, fuel, drugs and other goods. The meeting also discussed the possible deployment of more floating assets as an additional initiative by partner agencies.

During the meeting, the PCG-TFA presented its current achievements and border security activities.

Review of offers

IN September, the BOC-Port of Davao said its officials also attended the Border Crossing Sub-Committee C meeting as a preparatory discussion for the 39th PH-ID Border Committee Chairman’s Conference.

The BOC-Port of Davao statement said it was represented by the Chief of Customs Intelligence and Investigation Service (CIIS), IO-II Felix A. Espino III and the District Commander of the Security Service of application (ESS) Sp/Lt. Jah T. Atencia.

The sub-committee meeting discussed the following points: use of passports instead of border crossing cards; improving consular access for detained Filipinos; business opportunities in border areas; the use of unconventional vessels in border areas; and combating the entry of illegal goods and terrorists through border areas.

The sub-committee meeting also crafted the agreement to review the 1975 Border Patrol and Border Crossing Agreements between the Philippines and Indonesia to strengthen forces and modernize efforts to combat illegal activities, smuggling and terrorism.

Also in September, BOC-Port of Davao also met with NBI officials on the agency’s regional office anti-smuggling measures.

During the meeting, Austria discussed with NBI officials “the importance of information sharing to strengthen border security measures against these types of prohibited products that may enter the district’s areas of responsibility. collection XII”.

BOC-Port of Davao said the meeting was attended by NBI XI Regional Manager Gelacio D. Bongngat who expressed his full support for the BOC’s decision against the smuggling of cigarettes, firearms and other illegal goods.

How to shore up India’s mediocre living room https://minecraftinventions.com/how-to-shore-up-indias-mediocre-living-room/ Sat, 19 Nov 2022 08:43:26 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/how-to-shore-up-indias-mediocre-living-room/

The decline comes as India’s external imbalances worsen and adds to headaches for North Block and Mint Street. Officials tasked with maintaining India’s macroeconomic stability in the central bank and government will now have to deal with another stressor, further complicating policy choices.

The data shows that exports fell 16.7% year-on-year in October. Export growth had fallen to nearly 5% year-on-year in September.

The drop in exports reflects the slowdown in global demand, as the world faces an economic slowdown and even a recession.

Oil exports, a major category, fell 11% year-on-year. Non-oil exports fell 17%. The decline was widespread across all categories.

September and October always tend to be tricky, as the timing of holidays and festivities that depend on the Hindu lunar calendar tends to add noise to economic data.

But that may not be the only factor at work this year. Merchandise exports have been falling, both in value and volume, since June – despite the depreciation of the rupee. Down 30% in the four months between June and October, they are now at about the same level as before the pandemic.

Among non-oil exports, which have been falling since June, the biggest drop is in the categories of textiles, agricultural products and precious stones and jewellery. Mobile handsets, drugs and pharmaceuticals are also contracting. These highly-skilled export categories led the export drive through June.

The exception in the trend is services exports, which increased by around 6% between June and October, which is far from enough to reduce the trade deficit which was 27 billion dollars in October. It’s been around that level for three months. The contraction in imports during the months of September and October did not contribute to its reduction.

Imports of investment goods are performing better than imports of consumer goods. Within consumer goods, textiles fell much more than electronics.

Overall, weaker trade performance has implications for macroeconomic stability and the rupee, which has depreciated 9% this year, and would certainly have weakened further had the Reserve Bank of India not spent rampant dollars from foreign currency reserves to defend it. The pressure on the rupiah is due to the strengthening of the dollar (the dollar index has gained 11% since January) and the worsening of external imbalances.

The large trade deficit is not helping to reduce the current account deficit, which was around 4.5% of GDP for the September quarter, well above the 2% level considered sustainable for India .

Mint SnapView argued that the current account deficit reflects declining savings in the economy. To correct it, higher interest rates and a weaker rupee would be the right strategy, as this would encourage dollar inflows into the economy and a resurgence in exports (this does not mean that global demand conditions will cease to be one of the main driving forces). But this strategy requires political buy-in, since low interest rates and cheap credit are an ideological and political plank. The RBI will have to board New Delhi, which it has shown no inclination for so far, as the value of the rupee, especially its strength, is seen by political parties as central to the sense of pride. and national aspirations.

But as central banks in advanced economies continue to raise interest rates to combat high inflation, the gaps between dollar investment returns in these countries and in India will narrow, triggering capital outflows. here, adding to the pressure on the balance of payments and the rupee.

Second, building and sustaining strong export growth requires policy attention focused on export competitiveness. Merely compensating businesses for high costs to the economy that erode export competitiveness, such as through production-linked incentive programs and other tax subsidies, will not be enough.

Unless India makes its import tariffs predictable and low and reverses the policy of the past two years of raising tariffs to provide protection to uncompetitive businesses, and that too on an ad hoc basis , India will not be able to capture substantial shares in global value chains.

Finally, weak exports translate into slower GDP growth—which in turn has implications for job creation and growth in livelihoods and incomes—because domestic demand will not be able to offset the loss of global demand.

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Trai to Roll Out Caller ID System to Rival Truecaller in 3 Weeks https://minecraftinventions.com/trai-to-roll-out-caller-id-system-to-rival-truecaller-in-3-weeks/ Wed, 16 Nov 2022 19:29:50 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/trai-to-roll-out-caller-id-system-to-rival-truecaller-in-3-weeks/

NEW DELHI : The telecommunications regulator is set to roll out its mobile caller ID system – verified by KYC or knowing your customer details – in the next three weeks.

It will also explore new regulation taking into account the “scenario of multiple screens, same content”, PD Vaghela, chairman of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai), said on Wednesday.

The caller ID system will be touted as the government’s replacement for the popular Truecaller app. “Trai conducted several consultations with stakeholders to resolve the issues,” Vaghela told HT. “The new feature is expected to roll out within the next two to three weeks.”

Vaghela added that the regulatory and legal framework must keep pace with new developments to ensure not only smooth adoption of new technologies, but also protection of state and consumer interests.

He told the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Big Picture Summit: “The main area that requires the attention of the regulatory regime is content convergence. Today, the same content is available on television, connected smart screens and smartphones. Due to the difference in distribution mechanism on these platforms, they pose a regulatory challenge. Therefore, in the new technological world of convergence, we need to deliberate on the possible alignment of the regulatory regime keeping in mind the “multiple screens, same content” scenario.”

“At Trai, we are well aware of the challenges. Recently, we have received references from the government for OTT-based services and issues arising from convergence. Our experts explore these issues with a view to creating a level playing field between different service delivery mechanisms. Our goal will be to introduce a lightweight framework that irons out the inconsistencies created by technological breakthroughs. We cannot have a regulatory imbalance between the conventional technologies of yesteryear and the new technologies. Yet, at the same time, we must not stifle innovation and competition. At Trai, we believe in technology-neutral policies and regulations. The body also aims to introduce changes to its tariff order and interconnection regulations in accordance with its stated policy of “light regulations” and not to impose an undue burden on consumers. .

“Trai has observed the challenges facing the broadcast industry and we are trying to overcome the challenges by aligning our regulatory framework. Our recent consultation on pricing issues for TV channels (and bouquets) is the result of multiple discussions with each stakeholder group – broadcasters, multi-system operators, DTH players and local cable operators,” he said. he declares.

“Soon, we plan to issue amendments to the Rate Order and Interconnection Rule in accordance with our stated policy of light regulations.”

He added that the Trai expects the industry to respond with tariffs and prices that do not impose an undue burden on consumers. “I can assure you that if all service providers work consistently, Trai could take further steps to progress towards forbearance. In addition, we have also identified other relevant issues regarding network capacity charges. , multi-TV rebates and the distribution of revenue between different players. We are publishing another consultation document to address these issues also for consultation shortly. I am confident that through constant dialogue with all industry players , we will find solutions that will drive the growth of the broadcast industry,” he said.

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Pass-Through Fees to Waive the Electricity Tariff for Certain Solar Projects: Report https://minecraftinventions.com/pass-through-fees-to-waive-the-electricity-tariff-for-certain-solar-projects-report/ Mon, 14 Nov 2022 08:30:21 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/pass-through-fees-to-waive-the-electricity-tariff-for-certain-solar-projects-report/

New Delhi: The decision of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy to consider the Basic Customs Duty (BCD) on the importation of solar cells/modules as a “change of law” event and allow its pass-through could increase the tariff of 50 to 70 paise per unit of electricity for eligible projects, a report by rating agency Crisil said on Monday.

According to the national credit rating agency, Crisil said the tariff increase would stay well below the average cost of purchasing power for discoms in India.

“However, more importantly, this announcement provides partial relief for up to 6 GW of solar projects that are already experiencing high project costs, as they are close to reaching COD/import modules starting this fiscal year. “, he added.

The solar energy industry is already affected by a sharp rise in module prices over the past two years. This situation has been further aggravated by the imposition of 40% BCD on the import of modules and 25% on the import of cells as of April 1, 2022. Although the decision is intended to encourage local manufacturing of modules /solar cells and reduce dependence on imports, it increased the cost of the project by around 25%4, reducing the already low returns to developers.

“Based on our discussions with industry players, we estimate that for 50-60% of the 17 GW capacity, the modules can be procured domestically, which keeps them outside the scope of the An additional 10-15% of this capacity was modules imported before BCD was imposed, so treating BCD as a “change of law” event will benefit the remaining 6 GW of capacity, making projects economically viable,” said Manish Gupta, Senior Director of Crisil Ratings.

These projects have been the subject of tenders at prices ranging from 1.99/unit at 2.92/unit, with only ~20% of projects being priced above 2.55/unit, so the increase in tariff pass-through should be of the order of 3- 3.2/unit, which keeps them competitive with the average cost of supplying electricity to discoms in India.

“The tariff pass-through remains only a partial relief as returns from these projects will remain lower than expected at the time of the tender, as module prices have increased by around 50% since then. This contrasts with industry expectations of lower prices, in line with past trends, and was not budgeted in the tariffs during the tender,” said Ankit Hakhu, Director of Crisil Ratings.

“Timely approval by regulators of tariff pass-through is essential to protect further yield erosion,” Crisil said.

The imposition of BCD was likely to impact 17 GW of projects tendered between October 1, 2019 and March 9, 2021. These projects were likely to acquire modules after April 1, 2022 and could not have taken factor customs duties into their bid tariffs, he added.

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NMM plants 2,000 trees to protect Mount Makiling border https://minecraftinventions.com/nmm-plants-2000-trees-to-protect-mount-makiling-border/ Mon, 07 Nov 2022 00:49:49 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/nmm-plants-2000-trees-to-protect-mount-makiling-border/

NMM & Associates Customs Brokers has partnered with the Makiling Center for Mountain Ecosystems (MCME) as part of its Corporate Partnership and Environmental Restoration Program for a boundary tree planting and maintenance project organized by UBE Media on October 22, 2022, at the Mount Makiling Forest Reserve in Brgy. Put Lupa, Calamba, Laguna.

This is in accordance with Philippine Ports Authority (PPA) Administrative Order No. 14-2020 which states that contract holders are required to plant 1,000 tree or mangrove seedlings.

The boundary tree planting and maintenance project aims to protect the area from encroachment, expansion and other damage that may occur along the boundary of the Mount Makiling Forest Reserve (MMFR). Specifically, it aims to plant uniquely colored vegetative markers for easy recognition and reference along the boundary of the MMFR and to strengthen community partnership for more effective monitoring and protection of the reserve. The tree species used as markers are Palawan cherry, banaba and alibangbang.

Attendees arrived at the venue as early as 6:00 a.m. and the event officially began at 8:00 a.m. Present at the event was the President of UBE Media, Ms. Donna Lina, the President of NMM Atty. Randy Nague with his wife, Farrah Nague, MCME Deputy Director Dr Rogello Andrada II, Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Senior Ecosystem Management Specialist Mr Melvin Lalican, Puting Lupa Brgy. Captain Mr. Allan Pedraja and President of OneLGC Mr. Alberto Lina and his wife Mrs. Sylvia Lina. A total of 192 people were present for the event.

In his opening remarks, Mr. Lina thanked everyone for participating in this event as it will surely help future generations of the communities around Mount Makiling and beyond. Mr. Lalican stressed the importance of this project and said “bigyan natin ng puso ang ating pagtatanim dahil ito ay may buhay.” Atti. Nague echoed everyone’s sentiments and let everyone say that “a man does not plant a tree for himself but for posterity”.

After a brief orientation from Dr. Andrada, the guests were ready to begin the actual tree planting. Guests formed groups of 15 and were assisted by MCME volunteers as they spread out among the five different stations along the border. NMM has committed to planting 2,000 saplings during the year.

Guests were then treated to a simple brunch after completing their tree planting trek before wrapping up for the day.

Nague Malic Magnawa & Associates Customs Brokers (NMM) is a general professional partnership of customs brokers duly registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission and the Bureau of Customs. It is engaged in the provision of professional services in the areas of customs, tariffs, international trade, logistics and consultancy services.

Viewpoint: 2022 Election Issues Affect Farmers Most Directly https://minecraftinventions.com/viewpoint-2022-election-issues-affect-farmers-most-directly/ Fri, 04 Nov 2022 12:15:17 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/viewpoint-2022-election-issues-affect-farmers-most-directly/

Capture it. Noon of a cool autumn Saturday. The sun filters through the falling leaves, dazzling gold and brown. You settle into the sofa, sipping hot caramel cider. You grab the remote and turn to your favorite team’s football game.

And then you start seeing them. Campaign advertisements. The candidate so and so approves this message. This guy doesn’t like this lady. A political fund invites you to vote on a ballot proposal as if your life depended on it.

Build. This. Stop.

Fortunately, it will stop. On Wednesday morning, the midterm elections will be over. We’ll see where the dust settles and if there’s a change in power at different levels (many expectations suggest a split chamber). But before we get to that, most of us have to vote. I probably say this every cycle, but I’m really, really, really serious this time: the 2022 midterms are crucial.

So here’s a look at the issues that have the most direct impact on farmers and hopefully influence their vote – and yours.

inflation increase graph
Image by Design master top, Shutterstock


Let’s start with the most obvious: inflation. Most Americans are well aware of how rapidly prices have risen over the past year. Nowhere is this more apparent than at the grocery store. Farmers are people too, and they also buy food to feed their families. They are therefore just as sensitive to higher prices as everyone else.

But they also see it on the production side. By some estimates, the 2022 crop cost 40% more to grow, making the national inflation rate of 8.2% look like child’s play. Limited supply, rising costs and uncertain markets are creating a perfect economic storm that some say could rival the agricultural crisis of the 1980s.

Inflation is certainly a global phenomenon, and caused by a variety of factors. And where the United States ranks against other countries in the world depends on how you define the relevant terms. What is clear though, is that all Americans are feeling the pinch, and this question will guide many voters, rural and urban alike.

Image by Matthias Matscher, Shutterstock


Yeah, I know. Fuel prices are technically a part of the inflation chart. But having stocked up the other day, I can assure you that the exorbitant prices deserve their own mention.

Forget gasoline, let’s focus on diesel. It is unquestionably expensive. Right now, the national average price for a gallon of diesel is around $5.32. In 2021, the average diesel price was $3.29 per gallon. And in 2019, it was $3.06.

That’s okay because none of us fill our vehicles with diesel, right? Not enough. Most consumer goods are shipped on diesel-powered tractor-trailers. Our agricultural equipment is entirely diesel fueled. This fuel affects many different parts of our economy. And those higher prices are ultimately passed on to consumers, meaning prices will continue to rise.

At present, the national reserves of the United States are exhausted. We have less than a month’s supply (the lowest since 1945). And some people talk about continuous fuel starvation.

Like everything else, the problem is complicated. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine hasn’t helped, especially with the tariffs piled on that country’s oil exports. Europeans are also reducing their production in response to climate change. And there’s no question that the current administration – and some states, like California – have an anti-oil agenda, even though most of us have no choice but to consume it. These initiatives have merit, but right now they are driving up prices.

The 2023 Farm Bill

This bill is like a bad penny. This. Keep. Coming. Return.

All kidding aside, the farm bill and its issues are revamped every five years when its predecessor expires. And it always seems like the stakes are getting higher and higher. This is most likely because there are so many groups, industries, and activists trying to influence how the final bill looks and acts. The forecast for this farm bill is that it could reach $1.3 trillion.

As you may know, the farm bill is split between farm programs and nutritional supports (think food stamps). Both pieces are essential for Congress and the White House to actually pass the new law, if the previous three or four iterations are any guide. While Republicans tend to support the agricultural side, Democrats tend to push food aid.

However, the balance of power seems important. Remarkably, the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee tends to do a damn good job of crafting a compromise bill that satisfies both parties. It’s something Washington, DC can truly rally around, even with a divided government. Because President Joe Biden sits in the Oval Office, it’s probably best for Republicans to control Congress.

Incidentally, the committee launched its Farm Bill 2023 process in April 2022 at Michigan State University (go green!). The plan was to have the bill ready by October 2023, but ask any political expert, and they’ll tell you that lawmakers are highly unlikely to actually achieve that goal.

Image courtesy of Syngenta

Pesticides Regulations

This is a question that worries me more and more. For decades, the Environmental Protection Agency has successfully regulated pesticide use under the federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. But now we are witnessing an all-out attack on pesticides that threatens to leave farmers with few options to protect their crops.

The steps taken by the EPA to severely limit the future use of atrazine stand out. So are efforts by activist groups to force the EPA to conduct unnecessary and rushed assessments of new and old pesticides. We are seeing social media misinformation turn into bad policy that takes pesticides off the market. It is very possible that we will encounter more restrictions on dicamba. And states are increasingly passing their own legislation that limits or reduces the availability of pesticides and, in many cases, could contradict federal guidelines and thus confuse people’s understanding of what to follow.

Image by OogImages, Shutterstock

Some candidates

I can’t end an article on the 2022 midterm elections without mentioning one of the biggest elephants in the room: Mehmet Oz. He is running in Pennsylvania as a Republican candidate for the US Senate. When I list the people who have fueled the most fear and misinformation around our modern food system (think “superfood” claims and many anti-GMO stances), Oz always tops the list.

I admit that I fell asleep on his candidacy. I remember vaguely hearing that he was running for primary school. But, I said to myself, he will never have the nomination! Here we are several months later and he is tied with his Democratic opponent. Seriously, he could pull this off!

Is John Fetterman the best choice? I also have concerns about him, including his health. I don’t envy the voters of Pennsylvania. But I can’t imagine Oz using his platform of lies to propel himself through the halls of Congress. Then again, I guess that’s how most candidates get to Congress…

Go vote!

Amanda Zaluckyj blogs as The Farmer’s Daughter USA. Its goal is to promote farmers and combat the misinformation that circulates in the American food industry.

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To continue receiving GSP+ benefits, Pakistan must comply with human rights conventions https://minecraftinventions.com/to-continue-receiving-gsp-benefits-pakistan-must-comply-with-human-rights-conventions/ Sun, 30 Oct 2022 05:25:47 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/to-continue-receiving-gsp-benefits-pakistan-must-comply-with-human-rights-conventions/

October 30, 2022 10:53 am STI

Brussels [Belgium]Oct 30 (ANI): In order to continue to benefit from the GSP+ facility provided by the EU, Pakistan is required to ensure the implementation of 27 UN conventions relating to human rights, labor rights and climate change, the EU said in a press release.
Pakistan has benefited from the facility offered by the EU since 2014 and benefits enormously from the absence of import duties on 66% of tariff lines. The EU’s Generalized Scheme of Preferences Plus (GSP Plus) gives developing countries a special incentive to pursue sustainable development and good governance.
This comes during the 12th meeting of the European Union (EU)-Pakistan Joint Commission which was held on October 5 in Islamabad to exchange views on all areas of cooperation between the EU and Pakistan.
The Mixed Commission was informed of the results of the meeting of the sub-group on democracy, governance, rule of law and human rights. Pakistan and the EU discussed civil and political rights, the rights of persons belonging to minorities and vulnerable groups and freedom of religion or belief, the press release said.
They discussed the role of civil society organizations, freedom of expression and opinion, freedom of the media and the fight against disinformation. Blasphemy in Pakistan was also discussed during the meeting.

The violation of women’s and children’s rights, transgender rights and the protection of journalists were part of the deliberations held in Islamabad. The two sides discussed legislative proposals, namely the Anti-Torture Bill and the Enforced Disappearance Bill.
Expressing its solidarity with those affected by the unprecedented climate-induced floods that are ravaging the country, the EU expressed its contribution to meeting the most urgent needs of the affected population.
Discussions took place on the process of electoral reforms during which the EU reaffirmed its commitment to multilateralism and to the Charter of the United Nations.
Notably, the Generalized Scheme of Preferences Plus (GSP+) led to an increase in trade between the EU and Pakistan to €12.2 billion in 2021. They discussed ways to address issues that hamper trade and l ‘investment.
The EU emphasized the effective implementation of the 27 international conventions related to GSP+. The EU briefed Pakistan on Global Gateway, a €300 billion co-investment strategy rooted in partnership, sustainability and the rule of law.
The Joint Committee was co-chaired by Gunnar Wiegand, Director General for Asia and the Pacific at the European External Action Service, and Muhammad Humair Karim, Secretary of the Ministry of Economic Affairs. Representatives of relevant Pakistani government ministries as well as the European Commission, the European External Action Service, the EU Ambassador to Pakistan, Pakistan’s Ambassador to the EU and observers from Member States of the EU also participated in the meeting.
It has been agreed that the next session of the EU-Pakistan Joint Committee will be held in Brussels in 2023. (ANI)

Canada seeks to join US-led Indo-Pacific trade talks https://minecraftinventions.com/canada-seeks-to-join-us-led-indo-pacific-trade-talks/ Thu, 27 Oct 2022 23:03:30 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/canada-seeks-to-join-us-led-indo-pacific-trade-talks/

US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Canadian Foreign Minister Melanie Joly leave a press conference in Ottawa on October 27.Justin Tang/The Canadian Press

Canada is asking to join the U.S.-led Indo-Pacific trade talks, Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly said.

For months, Canadian business leaders have been urging Ottawa to sign on to the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework for Prosperity (IPEF) negotiations, saying that country should not have been left out of the launch last May.

Joly announced Ottawa’s decision on IPEF after meeting with US Secretary of State Antony Blinken in Ottawa on Thursday.

She also announced that Canada would begin new talks with the United States, called the “Canada-United States Strategic Dialogue on the Indo-Pacific,” to “further align our approaches” to the region. Canada is still developing a comprehensive diplomatic and economic strategy for the Indo-Pacific which will be unveiled later this year.

Yamanouchi: Why is it time to push for a free and open Indo-Pacific?

Fourteen states participate in IPEF trade negotiations, including India, Australia, Japan and South Korea. China is not part of the talks.

Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi criticized the IPEF as an effort to divide Asian countries and cause a decoupling of foreign economies from China.

Mr. Blinken, for his part, said on Thursday that the United States supports Canada’s joining the IPEF talks, but said the request would require the consent of the other members of the negotiations.

Canadian business leaders applauded Ms. Joly’s announcement. Goldy Hyder, president of the Business Council of Canada, said participating in the Pacific trade talks will “enhance Canada’s credibility in the region and strengthen our economic ties” with participating countries.

Alice Hansen, press secretary to International Trade Minister Mary Ng, said Ms Ng worked with US Trade Representative Katherine Tai to join IPEF.

This represents something of a reversal for Canada. In May, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau downplayed Canada’s exclusion from the talks. At the time, he said Canada’s membership in another Pacific trade pact, the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), means he doesn’t need to see more access in the region.

“Luckily Canada has a free trade agreement with the CPTPP and we have a free trade agreement with the United States, which has just been renewed with the new NAFTA, so it is not something that affects us directly,” Trudeau said in May.

The United States is not part of the Trans-Pacific Trade Pact because in 2017 then-President Donald Trump pulled the country out of negotiations. The Trans-Pacific Agreement was part of then-President Barack Obama’s strategy to counterbalance Chinese influence in Asia by enshrining US-style rules for trade and intellectual property protection in the region. . Ash Carter, then Secretary of Defense, said the TPP was as valuable as “another aircraft carrier” in terms of American influence in Asia.

The White House said the new IPEF talks are not about tariff relief on imports, but rather provide a way to address issues ranging from climate change to supply chain resilience and trade digital.

“The future of the 21st century economy is going to be largely written in the Indo-Pacific – in our region,” US President Joe Biden said at a launch event in Tokyo in May. “We are writing the new rules.”

Mr Biden also said in May that he wanted IPEF to strengthen environmental, labor and other standards across Asia.

Two federal cabinet ministers spoke harshly to China. Innovation Minister Francois-Philippe Champagne said last week in Washington that Canada wants “a decoupling, certainly from China, and I would say from other regimes around the world that don’t share the same values.” .

Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland said Canada should end all reliance on authoritarian states like China for vital goods.

With files from Reuters and Associated Press

PHL layer industry cites AI surge risk, pushes vax https://minecraftinventions.com/phl-layer-industry-cites-ai-surge-risk-pushes-vax/ Sun, 23 Oct 2022 19:19:25 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/phl-layer-industry-cites-ai-surge-risk-pushes-vax/

The Philippine Egg Board Association (PEBA) is urging the government to allow and expedite the entry of ‘inactivated’ bird flu vaccines into the country to limit the impact of the disease on the domestic layer industry.

The group claimed that the cross-border animal disease, technically known as avian influenza (AI), has caused the death of 9 million laying hens, or about 20% of the country’s total laying hen population, during the past only first semester.

In a letter to Bureau of Animal Industry Director Reildrin G. Morales, Peba said the egg-laying industry suffered its “heaviest losses” in history to AI this year.

Peba explained that the upward trend in local AI cases was driven by the country’s “inevitable” attraction as a “wintering ground” for AI-carrying migratory birds due to local natural wetlands. and irrigated agricultural land.

The group added that part of the reason for the spread of bird flu was the “relentless” sale of bird flu-positive flocks to the slaughter market and the “endemic” practice of free-range rearing. air of “certain” domesticated avian species.

“Given these circumstances, on behalf of the [Peba] and our local layer partner organizations [BAEPA and SPEPA]we would like to implore your office to authorize and expedite the entry of relevant inactivated or killed AI vaccines,” Peba President Irwin M. Ambal said in his letter.

“While we know this may not totally eliminate AI disease or fully protect our herds from the virus in question, our industry needs all the protection it can get. , it would be better than the seemingly passive stance we took earlier this year,” Ambal added.

Peba has also proposed that the government explore local manufacturing of autogenous bird flu vaccines in the country. Peba said their recommendations were in consultation with local and overseas poultry disease experts, such as the Philippine College of Poultry Practitioners.

“We would like to request assistance from your office, either through funding or expediting the establishment of facilities for the development and/or manufacture of autogenous vaccines in the country,” reads the statement. letter.

“This can be done either by the government itself or through private partnerships,” he added.

Peba stressed that the egg-laying industry requires “proactive and aggressive” interventions before migratory birds start arriving in the Philippines as winter approaches in other countries.

“Without aggressive proactive interventions such as vaccinations, early detection and decisive isolation and fair compensation of affected farms, we fear that the poultry industry will again suffer heavily from AI next year,” said- he declared.

The world has struggled to contain bird flu outbreaks this year, with Europe and the United States suffering near-record bird and flock deaths.

The UK and Europe have lost more than 47 million birds to bird flu across more than 2,500 outbreaks of the disease, according to the Guardian report earlier this month.

A recent Reuters report said the number of chickens and turkeys that died from infections and slaughter in the United States also reached more than 47 million birds.

Customs Ruling of the Week – Classification of Bird Feeders – International Trade and Investment https://minecraftinventions.com/customs-ruling-of-the-week-classification-of-bird-feeders-international-trade-and-investment/ Fri, 21 Oct 2022 08:45:28 +0000 https://minecraftinventions.com/customs-ruling-of-the-week-classification-of-bird-feeders-international-trade-and-investment/

In NY Decision N327871 (September 12, 2022), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) determines the tariff classification of bird feeders from China. CBP is reviewing three specific products: Snacks’ N’ Treats Single Hanging Feeder (#38200), Copper Acorn Tube (#38288), and Grande Squirrel Resistant Feeder (#50153). All three products are made primarily of plastic and steel components and are designed for outdoor use.

The Snacks’ N’ Treats Single Hanging Feeder (#38200) is a curved black metal hanger with a hook at the top and an open square bottom with a blue plastic feeding dish inside the insert at the bottom open. The basin is made of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) and the frame arm and hook are both made of steel.

The Copper Acorn Tube (#38288) is a bronze colored cylindrical bird feeder. This item contains a 10 inch polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic tube and a threaded pole and aluminum finial. The bird feeder also includes a four inch tube lock ring, wire shape retainer, roof, roof locator ring, threaded support pole, hanger nut wire shape , base locator ring, base, portal and port cover – all of which are made of steel. The plastic feeding tube contains a steel cover and a steel base. A plastic wrapped flexible cable loop is attached to the steel top cover so that the product can be hung. There are two ports where birds can perch on the feeder.


The Large Squirrel Resistant Cage Feeder (#50153) is a bronze colored cylindrical bird feeder. There are four ports where birds can perch on the feeder. The feeder is designed to be squirrel-proof, so the spring-loaded perch closes all ports simultaneously when the weight of a squirrel or larger bird lands on the perches or lid. The product contains a PVC plastic tube. The new base, gate, new roof, cage, top roof, deep wire retainer, threaded rod, roof lock nut and oval ring are all steel. The plastic feeding tube is inside the steel feeding cage, and a steel hook is attached to the upper steel cover so that the product can be hung.


Classification according to the HTSUS begins with the General Rules of Interpretation (GRI), which apply in sequential order. Under GRI 1, the terms of the headings and any related section or chapter notes will determine the classification. covers bird feeders of all three materials, therefore GRI 1 cannot determine the classification.

According to GRI 2(b), goods composed of more than one material or substance are classified according to the principles of GRI 3. In the relevant part, GRI3(b) requires that composite goods made of different components or materials be classified “as if they consist of the material or the element which gives them their essential character. The bird feeders in question, made of steel, aluminum and plastic, are composite products and GRI 3(b) applies. Therefore, the component that gives the essential character to each feeder will determine the classification.

The Explanatory Notes (EN) to GRI 3(b) explain that “The factor that determines essentiality will vary between different types of goods. It may, for example, be determined by the nature of the material or component, its volume, the quantity, weight or use of the goods.” CBP further clarifies that the role of the constituent materials in how the product is used will confer essentiality.

In this case, CBP determines that the function of the steel and aluminum brackets provide structure to the feeder and that the steel components also provide the greatest value and volume to both bird feeders. Therefore, steel components lend the essential character to bird feeders made up of steel and plastic.

As described above, the Copper Acorn Tube (#38288) is made of more than one metal: steel and aluminum, which fall under different chapters of the HTSUS. According to Section XV, Note 7 of the HTSUS, “Classification of base metal articles containing two or more base metals shall be treated as articles of the base metal which predominates by weight over each of the other metals.” In the Copper Acord Tube, steel predominates by weight. Therefore, the Copper Acorn Tube is classified under heading 7323, HTSUS, which covers iron or steel household articles.

CBP has ruled that the applicable subheading for Snacks’ N’ Treats Simple Hanging Feeder (#38200), Acorn Copper Tube Feeder (#38288), and Large Squirrel Resistant Feeder (#50153) is 7323.99.9080, HTSUS, which provides “Tableware, kitchenware or other household articles and parts thereof, of iron or steel…other, other, not coated or clad with precious metal, other, other, other.” This provision carries a 3.4% ad valorem.

Finally, the bird feeders in issue are of Chinese origin and, therefore, are subject to additional customs duties. “Per US Note 20 to Sub-Chapter III, Chapter 99, HTSUS, Chinese goods classified under subheading 7323.99.9080, HTSUS, unless specifically excluded, are subject to a surcharge of 25 % ad valorem rate of duty.” Importers must also declare the appropriate subheading of Chapter 99, 9903.88.03.

The content of this article is intended to provide a general guide on the subject. Specialist advice should be sought regarding your particular situation.